This paper takes its starting point in a historical account of non-state models of water management that focus on community, equity, and justice. It argues that it is necessary to expand the political parameters of water management both on the local level (small actors vs. the state) and the transboundary level (stronger state vs. weaker state) in order to push for a trans-communal model of water management that accentuates solidarities between different groups across borders, instead of inter-governmental enmities.:
This paper employs multiple indices of drought to study occurrence of severe prolonged drought in climate projects over the Abbay and Tekeze sub-basins in the Eastern Nile. It assesses the impacts of the droughts on the storage level in the Aswan High Dam.